PENICUIK CO-OP

 PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Main store High Street

 PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
lettering

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Pen y coe instituted 1860

-  a piece of the past

 PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Fieldsend Branch PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Loanhead Branch

 PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Cehtral Drapery & Fleshing PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Roslin Branch

exhibition by Penicuik Community Development Trust in the Cowan Institute, Penicuik Town Hall,

for Penicuik’s Open House on 17 January and 28 February 2009

 

For more than a century, Penicuik Co-op was the town’s principal community-run asset, offering services over a wide area, carrying on a business of many hundreds of thousands of pounds. And a dependable local support in times of trouble.

 

Penicuik Community Development Trust Ltd is inspired by that noble example

Our business is rescuing community assets for regeneration, that’s why we hire PENICUIK TOWN HALL every weekend to run exhibitions, a community café and a cinema.   Like the old co-op, our resources are built up from the efforts and savings of local people, with only occasional help from outside.

Thanks for helping us with the old JACKSON STREET SCHOOL BUILDING –see how we failed at www.makers.org.uk/place/penicuikheritage 

 -it’s sadly now a pile of rubble –purposeless destruction of a much-loved community space at the heart of our town.

Then we tried to make BANK MILL come good!  www.makers.org.uk/paper/bmlatest -it’s on hold just now.

Our next project has been growing successfully on site now for over three year, take a look, it’s the astonishing   LOST GARDEN OF PENICUIK

Iin March 2013 we began TAKING ON THE PRESS when we took over running the Pen-y-Coe Press and old Post Office in Bridge Street in Penicuik Town Centre as a printshop, papermaking, stationery, book and art materials store, Trust museum and produce depot for the Lost Garden of Penicuik.  In late 2014 we began work on new projects for a  PENICUIK BAKERY and for HIGH ESK HYDRO generation from the existing weirs on the Esk, both projects to be run backed by local investment as freestanding community benefit co-operatives

 

 

 

PENICUIK CO-OP: SUCCESSORS TO THE TRADES BOX OF 1795

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Clerk of Penicuik Trades Box deed 1795

PENICUIK CO-OP: SUCCESSORS TO THE TRADES BOX OF 1795

Penicuik Co-operative Association’s earliest premises had once been in the hands of the “Penicuik Trades Box”.  In 1795 Sir John Clerk formalised a lease he had made to the Trades Box Society some years earlier.

 

The TRADES BOX SOCIETY was a kind of locally-managed Community Chest of documents and resources at a fixed address and managed by office bearers to represent the trades in the town and resolve disputes. In 1795 the Trades Box Society was run by John Niven, John Jackson, George Johnston, William Doig, Joseph Ross and John Taylor. 

Exactly when Penicuik Trades Box was first formed is not clear. In Dundee, realizing the need to act as a body, tradespeople had formed 'The Nine Incorporated Trades of Dundee' as early as 1581, headed by a Convener and Boxmaster. The Boxmaster acted as Treasurer, kept the main keys to the Trades Box in which all monies and important documents were stored and administered the Rules of the Craft.

 

PENICUIK CO-OP: SUCCESSORS TO THE FREE GARDENERS OF 1828

 

By 1828 the Penicuik Trades Box was being managed by James Nicol shoemaker, Thomas Muir, schoolmaster, James Muir labourer, Alexander Dewar carter, James Jackson gardener, George Holbrook weaver, John Moffat baker and Arthur Cranston labourer. In that year they passed over the Box premises in the town centre to another benevolent society, the Thistle Lodge of Free Gardeners in Penicuik.

THE FREE GARDENERS had been formed in 1822. They were represented in 1828 by Robert Minto overseer to the Edinburgh Joint Stock Water Company in Glencorse, John Henderson wright, George Lawrence nailer, William Dewar mason, William Sharp papermaker, William Scott tailor, James Dods innkeeper, John Piper merchant, James Bryce papermaker, Michael White smith, Robert Henderson wright, James Henderson gardener and John Borthwick schoolmaster at Glencorse.  In due course the Free Gardeners premises came to be used for co-operative trading and  passed to the new Penicuik Co-operative Association founded 1860.

 

PENICUIK CO-OP: FIRST STEPS IN 1859

The idea had begun in 1859 when four local papermill workers James McBeth, Andrew Cowan, Joseph McDiarmid and James Skinner met to discuss principles of co-operation and trading. The mutual trading movement had been exemplified locally by the Galashiels Co-operators in 1827 (refounded 1842) and definitively by the Rochdale Pioneers whose 1844 principles of democratic management and dividends to members were being taken up eagerly all over Britain. As Penicuik’s main local mutual organisation of the time, the Free Gardeners Lodge was the natural starting point for this activity. The new co-operative association began trading on 5 July 1860 and was registered as a legal entity on 7 January 1863. By 1877 over 12,000 co-operative societies would be established across Britain.

 

YOU CANNOT ADVANCE A SIXPENCE UNLESS I AM FIRST SATISFIED1869

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Cannot advance a sixpence to Mr Glover postmaster Loanhead
John Robertson chambers 63 Hanover Street

YOU CANNOT ADVANCE A SIXPENCE UNLESS I AM FIRST SATISFIED 1869

The 1869 the Co-op purchased more premises in central Penicuik from Mr Glover the Loanhead postmaster, after due diligence by the legal overseer, John Robertson.

 

ACCOUNT WITH PAISLEY CO-OPERATIVE MANUFACTURING SOCIETY 1871

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
account book with Paisley Manufacturing Society 1871
printed Balloon Street Manchester

ACCOUNT WITH PAISLEY CO-OPERATIVE MANUFACTURING SOCIETY 1871

From the earliest days, local societies like Penicuik were themselves trading members of manufacturing co-operatives. The Penicuik Society’s account is number 23 with the Paisley Society.  This old Passbook is printed co-operatively at Balloon Street, Manchester.

 

 

ALTERING GROCER SYMINGTON’S CHIMNEY NEXT TO CO-OP1887

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Symington Grocer chimney
George Craig architect 1887

ALTERING GROCER SYMINGTON’S CHIMNEY NEXT TO THE CO-OP1887

James Symington’s shop was on the corner of High Street and John Street, where the former Clydesdale Bank now stands. Adjoining it on the left was Penicuik Co-operative Association’s High Street premises. Symington’s architect was George Craig of Leith (1852-1928), a keen freemason who also designed buildings for the Leith School Board and the Highland Railway.

 

ACCIDENT TO FARMER PATERSON’S HORSE AT POMATHORN STATION1890

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Farmer Paterson Fallhills 1890
horse Pomathorn Station NBR

ACCIDENT TO FARMER PATERSON’S HORSE AT POMATHORN STATION1890

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Pomathorn Station

 

 

 

PLANS FOR FOUR-IN-A-BLOCK CO-OP HOUSES PENICUIK 1901

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Cranston Street houses 1901
architect James M Thomson

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Cranston Street houses 1901
architect James M Thomson

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Cranston Street houses 1901
architect James M Thomson

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Cranston Street houses 1901
architect James M Thomson

PLANS FOR FOUR-IN-A-BLOCK CO-OP HOUSES PENICUIK 1901

These were for the “New Street behind Jackson Street” that became Cranston Street. Note the box beds.  James M Thomson designed Edinburgh’s Polwarth Crescent and the Union Bank on West Maitland St and Palmerston Place. In 1901 Heart of Midlothian beat Celtic in the Scottish Cup final.

 

DESTRUCTION OF MAIN PREMISES1904

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DESTRUCTION OF MAIN PREMISES1904

Fire ravaged the Co-op’s main Grocery & Furnishing departments beside the Old Well in March 1904.  The site was extended around the corner and a new and much larger store with lift access built in its place –the imposing Edwardian building we see today.

 

 

REPLACEMENT STOVE IN DRAPERY DEPARTMENT1909

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Ideal Junior Water Boiler
Mackenzie & Moncur

REPLACEMENT STOVE IN DRAPERY DEPARTMENT1909

 

SHARE WITHDRAWAL BOOKS 1901-1915

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
share withdrawal books 1910

SHARE WITHDRAWAL BOOKS 1901-1915

Receipt books record hundreds of withdrawals from share capital by Penicuik citizens.

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
share withdrawal entry 1905

 

AN ESTIMATE FOR A FULL PENICUIK CO-OP DAIRY REFIT 1912

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Dairy Supply Co 1912
Professor Cossar Ewart

AN ESTIMATE FOR A FULL PENICUIK CO-OP DAIRY REFIT 1912

. refers to Penicuik zoologist Professor Cossar Ewart The full specification includes a 130-gallon Astra pasteuriser (£27) and Alfa Laval cream separator (£33), Astra milk pump (£6), copper-trough milk cooler (£26), vertical Cresstube boiler with feed pump and indicator (£41), 2 electric motors with controls from the British Thomson-Houston Company (£66), refrigerating plant fitted with a Hall’s CO2 Compressor complete with circulating pump, pressure gauges and thermometers (£162), a Cold Chamber (£47), 60 gallon receiving tank (£4) and a 6-syphon bottle filling machine (£11), and a new washhouse with spraying machines and brushes for bottles and churns (£17).

PAPERMILL HORSE KILLED BY RUNAWAY CO-OP VAN1913

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
William Tod Junr & Co Ltd
Springfield Paper Mills Polton 1913

PAPERMILL HORSE KILLED BY RUNAWAY CO-OP VAN1913

Tods were one of many paper mills along the Esk. One of the Tod family had written the local 1880s bestseller on both sides of the Atlantic, “Bits from Blinkbonny”, under the pen name John Strathesk.

 

STATISTICS FOR PENICUIK CO-OP AT THE OUTBREAK OF THE GREAT WAR:  YEAR ENDING 3 SEPTEMBER 1914

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
return 1914

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
production 1914

STATISTICS AT THE START OF THE GREAT WAR 1914

 

FACES OF THE GROCERY DEPARTMENT    1917

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                                                                                                                          Photograph: Helen Scott, daughter of Agnes Ryrie

FACES OF THE GROCERY DEPARTMENT     1917

Standing behind the Store premises are the ladies employed by the co-op to replace most of the male staff who’d been called to the War.  Agnes Ryrie (front left) -born Agnes Thorburn- was a descendant of one of the original founders of the Association when it started with a few members in a house in Thorburn Terrace in 1860. Also in the picture are Annie Hislop, Ian Glasgow, Nellie McFeate, and Davina Somerville.

 

CLYDESDALE AND BRITISH LINEN BANK CHEQUES FOR 20 MARCH 1918

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Clydesdale Bank cheque 1918

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
British Linen Bank cheque 1918

CLYDESDALE AND BRITISH LINEN BANK CHEQUES FOR 20 MARCH 1918

GUY MOTORS CATALOGUE FOR CONSIDERATION BY COMMITTEE 1919

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Guy Motors 1919

GUY MOTORS CATALOGUE FOR CONSIDERATION BY COMMITTEE 1919

 

SCWS RECOMMEND LEYLAND OR ALBION VEHICLES 1919

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
SCWS letterhead 1819

SCWS RECOMMEND LEYLAND OR ALBION VEHICLES 1919

 “…We have been in communication with Messrs Albion and Leyland Motor Coys and you may be surprised to learn that delivery cannot be had before July 1920 which we are afraid is not of much use to you.  Even this date is subject to extension owing to the present English Moulders’ Strike and if the Scottish Moulders follow their English Mates it will be questionable when delivery can be had….”  “…You will further note that the foregoing prices are for the chassis only and cost of Body falls to be added to same.  As the Van Builders and Cartwrights are presently out on strike for an increase of wages we are only able to give you an approximate idea of the cost of Bodies,

Platform Lorry Body, having Cab Front, Glass Windscreen, Backboard, four wings over road wheels, complete with lamps and horn, …£125

Bread Van Body, having Glass Windscreen, Cab Front, doors at back, side doors, mahogany panelling, ash framing, louvres, roof covered with zinc and iron rail round same, painted, lined, name gilded and varnished, …£180

Combination Platform Lorry Body and Portable Van Body painted lined, lettered and varnished, complete with wings, lamps, horn, etc. ...£220”

 

ALBION SUGGESTS ONE OF THEIR RECONDITIONED WAR VEHICLES

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Albion Motor Car Co van estimate 1919

ALBION SUGGESTS ONE OF THEIR RECONDITIONED WAR VEHICLES

to get over the supply bottleneck for new ones, though still not available till April 1920. Note the Albion’s solid tyres and 14mph speed

THE SCOTTISH CO-OPERATOR NEWSPAPER 1920

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
National Co-operative Publishing Society
Scottish Co-operator 1920

THE SCOTTISH CO-OPERATOR NEWSPAPER 1920

     Another Co-op Venture that Penicuik subscribed to.

      

PENICUIK’S NEW CO-OPERATIVE BAKERY OPENED ON 13 OCTOBER 1923

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Bakery 1923

PENICUIK’S NEW CO-OPERATIVE BAKERY OPENED ON 13 OCTOBER 1923

By 1956 192,467 loaves were being produced annually, with £24,155 worth of Fancy Bread

 

PLANS FOR NEW FIELDSEND BRANCH STORE, PENICUIK APPROVED 1927

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Fieldsend store plan 1927
William Mercer SCWS

PLANS FOR NEW FIELDSEND BRANCH STORE, PENICUIK APPROVED 1927

 -drawn up by William Mercer FIAA who had started in practice before 1914 and was working for the Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Architectural Department in Glasgow in the 1920s and 1930s.

 

 

PENICUIK CO-OP TRANSPORT PROBLEMS 1927

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Scottish Horse and Motormen's

PENICUIK CO-OP TRANSPORT PROBLEMS 1927

 

 

DR BADGER CONDEMNS BANK STREET CATTLE PENS 1927

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Penicuik Town Council 1927
Dr Badger Medical Officer of Health
cattle pens condemned

DR BADGER CONDEMNS BANK STREET CATTLE PENS 1927

 

CONNECTED TO ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Lothians Electric Power Co 1928

CONNECTED TO ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY1928

 

 

OVERLAPPING DELIVERIES MILTON COTTAGES1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Milton cottages deliveries 1928

OVERLAPPING DELIVERIES MILTON COTTAGES1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
St Cuthberts 1928

OVERLAPPING DELIVERIES MILTON COTTAGES1928

 

 

USING LOCAL CONTRACTORS  1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Ferrier Penicuik Foundry 1928PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
James Tait Sawing * Moulding Mills 1928

USING LOCAL CONTRACTORS  1928

 

NOT EVEN CIVILITY 1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Thomas Bell carrier 1928
not even civility

NOT EVEN CIVILITY 1928

 

WEST LINTON, ROSLIN & PENICUIK TO KELVIN HALL1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Railway trains to Kelvin Hall 1828
Broomlee Millerhill Roslin Eskbridge

WEST LINTON, ROSLIN & PENICUIK TO KELVIN HALL1928

 

DECEMBER HOWGATE CONCERT 1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Howgate propaganda concert 1928
U.F. church

DECEMBER HOWGATE CONCERT 1928

 

PENICUIK CO-OP SUPPORTED LOCAL ORGANISATIONS 1928

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Penicuik Silver Prize Band
Penicuik Horticultural Society
Penicuik Harriers & Amateur Athletic Club 1928

PENICUIK CO-OP SUPPORTED LOCAL ORGANISATIONS 1928

with donations & subscriptions, receiving many requests & letters of thanks

 

DIRECTORS OF PENICUIK CO-OPERATIVE ASSOCIATION LTD.

Seventieth Anniversary—5th July 1930.

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Back RowJOHN RITCHIE, WILLIAM MUNRO, JAMES REDPATH, WALTER LOTHIAN, JOHN B. THOMSON, ROBERT MALCOLM, JOHN McKINLAY 

Front RowJAMES S.CAMPBELL, ALEX. McINTOSH, Secretary, JAMES McLAFFERTY, President, GEORGE MUIR, Treasurer, JAMES COCHRANE J.P., Manager.

 

 

PENICUIK CO-OP SUPPORTED NATIONAL ORGANISATIONS 1931

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Land Nationalisation Federation 1931

PENICUIK CO-OP SUPPORTED NATIONAL ORGANISATIONS1931

with donations & subscriptions, receiving many requests & letters of thanks

 

 

ANOTHER DAIRY UPGRADE LETS PENICUIK SUPPLY PEEBLES TOO 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Milk Department Peebles deliveries 1932

ANOTHER DAIRY UPGRADE LETS PENICUIK SUPPLY PEEBLES TOO 1932

 

TRIP TO STRAND PALACE: DRIVER & CAR A CREDIT TO THE SOCIETY 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Car to London Strand Palace Hotel 1932PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Car to London Strand Palace Hotel 1932

TRIP TO STRAND PALACE: DRIVER & CAR A CREDIT TO THE SOCIETY 1932

“… in eleven running hours, good going. There is nothing to stop the Committee going their annual trip this way now that we know the roads”

 

PEARSON PRAMS ORDERED BY THE DAIRY DEPARTMENT 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Pearson Milk Pram CWS Wheelwrights Salford 1932

PEARSON PRAMS ORDERED BY THE DAIRY DEPARTMENT 1932

-each carrying 200 pints of milk, to be finished in Penicuik Co-op red.  The Dairy Department was supplying over 112,000 pints of milk weekly by 1956

 

TROUBLE IN THE TEA ROOMS! 1932

On Monday 25 April 1932 in Parliament Arthur Greenwood first took his seat as Member for Wakefield. Reporting on the situation in India, Secretary for India Sir Samuel Hoare noted that damage to telegraph wires was reported from several centres, and that burning of letters in letter-boxes was spreading; in Burma there had been no developments of importance since the breaking up of the main body of rebels and the surrender of their leader Myat Aung.  John Colville the MP for Midlothian and North Peeblesshire and Secretary for Overseas Trade reported that a Scottish Trade Mission would soon visit Canada: the steamship "Letitia," of the Anchor-Donaldson Line would leave Glasgow for Montreal on 5th May with the exhibits of 90 Scottish firms aboard. Ramsay Macdonald was Britain’s Prime Minister in London and Herbert Hoover the US President in Washington. In Berlin, as street violence at economic conditions in Germany reached new heights, Chancellor Bruning took steps to ban both the communist "Rotfrontkämpferbund" and the Nazi Sturmabteilung.  In West Linton Mrs Isabella Noble, leader of the Womens Co-operative Guild and proprietress of the Linton Tea Rooms, took up her pen to write to the Penicuik Co-op

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Linton Tea Rooms cakes 1932

TROUBLE IN THE TEA ROOMS! 1932

“I am sorry at having to complain about the Sultana Cakes not being fired I get for the Tea room.  The week I opened, the Cake was perfect, last week I lost nearly 6th, this week I have returned it as it was again not fired in centre.  The Pancakes are the same: one day they are lovely then back to their burnt state.  Now I know they can do both things perfect.  Last year I was tired returning stuff. So I am afraid if I am not to get better attention I will have to transfer my orders to St Cuthberts, but I will be very sorry to have to do this when I well know I can get all I require if only a little more attention was paid to orders”

Mrs Noble was keen to keep her business in Co-op hands –St Cuthberts was then the main Edinburgh Co-op and much bigger than the Penicuik Association. Mrs Noble wrote again from her home at Hawthorn Cottage West Linton a day later:

Complaint from the West Linton Womans Co-operative Guild about Cakes sent for Social on Friday April 22nd.  We are very sorry at having to lodge this complaint but at our opening Social the cakes sent were old but we paid and made no complaint with the result that they were still older this time –apparently those in charge of the baking staff think anything will do for West Linton –well they are wrong. I don’t think it was a compliment either to them or us for our Committee to go round the hall with a pail to gather up the cakes and carry them to the burn.  It has been the weekend talk up here. But it is the same with the sponges sent up to the Branch on the Saturday, the Members have stopped buying. So I do think it is time some thing was being done, especially when a new shop is being opened. I think it is up to everyone to help to make it a success. Trusting to have better service in the future, Yours faithfully Mrs Isabella Noble (Pres.)

Next day Penicuik Co-op’s Secretary responded decisively “ I received your complaints about the cakes sent up for the Guild Social, and also about the supplies sent to the Tea Rooms.  The delegates who attended the Social have confirmed your complaint.  I can assure you that the Directors are very annoyed about the matter and they are taking steps to deal with the employees concerned.  The matter is being thoroughly inquired into, and I trust that as a result of our inquiries you will have no further cause for complaint”

 

 

.  

VISIT TO THE SCWS SHIELDHALL ESTABLISHMENT, GLASGOW 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
SCWS letterhead 1932

VISIT TO THE SCWS SHIELDHALL ESTABLISHMENT, GLASGOW 1932

Meanwhile Alexander Korda was filming Charles Laughton in “The Private Life of Henry VIII” at the British and Dominion Studios, Elstree

 

CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT PROMOTIONAL LEAFLET 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Co-operative Union Scottish Section letterhead 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Scottish National Propaganda Committee 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Build Your life on Co-operation 1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Financial Moral Well Being poster1932

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Co-operation join up poster 1932

CO-OPERATIVE MOVEMENT PROMOTIONAL LEAFLET 1932

Penicuik Co-operative Association ordered 2,000 of these leaflets on 28 September 1932.

 On that day Jeremy Isaacs was born in Hillhead, Glasgow.

 

BIG BROTHER: PENICUIK CO-OP’S VAST NEIGHBOUR 1936

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
St Cuthberts branches Edinburgh Bonnyrigg 1936

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
St Cuthberts departments Edinburgh Bonnyrigg 1936

BIG BROTHER: PENICUIK CO-OP’S VAST NEIGHBOUR 1936

Just one year older than Penicuik, the St Cuthberts Co-operative Association in Edinburgh was much, much bigger, with many different branches and farms.  Nearly all departments were represented at its Bonnyrigg Branch store.  Leith, Portobello and Musselburgh had their own separate Co-operative societies.

 

VISIT TO WEMBLEY 1938

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Wembley football excursion 1938

VISIT TO WEMBLEY 1938

 

MILK REGISTRATION SLIPS FOR EACH PENICUIK HOUSEHOLD1940s

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
household Milk registration slips
Ministry of Food

MILK REGISTRATION SLIPS FOR EACH PENICUIK HOUSEHOLD1940s

 

PENICUIK CO-OP FLESHING DEPARTMENT RATION CARDS1940s

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Fleshing ration card

PENICUIK CO-OP FLESHING DEPARTMENT RATION CARDS1940s

 

CUSTOMER CARD FROM THE DECADE OF AUSTERITY  1940s

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Household ration card for goods in short supply
austerity

CUSTOMER CARD FROM THE DECADE OF AUSTERITY   1940s

 

BISCUITS ON THE SHELVES AT FIELDSEND 1943+1949

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Fieldsend biscuits 1943

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Fieldsend biscuits 1949

BISCUITS ON THE SHELVES AT FIELDSEND 1943+1949

 

TOBACCO & CIGARETTES REQUIRED BY HOUSEHOLDS 1940s

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
household tobacco & cigarettes

TOBACCO & CIGARETTES REQUIRED BY HOUSEHOLDS 1940s

 

 

SPECIAL COAL SUPPLY LICENCES ISSUED 1949

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Special coal supply licence 1949

SPECIAL COAL SUPPLY LICENCES ISSUED 1949

 

ARCHITECT’S FEES 1952

penicuik co-op association display by PCDT
R.J. Naismith architect & town-planner
1 Summerside Place, Leith 1952

ARCHITECT’S FEES 1952

R.J. Naismith later became well-known.  He was the architect and town-planning advisor of Penicuik Burgh Council and later helped to create the form of the Cornbank estate. 

 

VARIOUS WORK BY MESSRS TAIT 1952

penicuik co-op association display by PCDT
James Tait & Co., Sawing & Moulding Mills
Invoice 1952

VARIOUS WORK BY MESSRS TAIT 1952

 

SHOEING THE HORSES 1952

penicuik co-op association display by PCDT
shoeing the horses
John Fleming & Son
Sole proprietor William Fleming
The Smithy West Linton 1952

SHOEING THE HORSES 1952

 

GAS SUPPLY & RATCATCHERS 1952

penicuik co-op association display by PCDT
The Penicuik & District Gas Co., Ltd. Penicuik office & letterhead still in use 1952 after nationalisation

penicuik co-op association display by PCDT
Peeblesshire rat catcher west linton 1952 1953

GAS SUPPLY & RATCATCHERS 1952

 

BAXENDALES BILL 1952

penicuik co-op association display by PCDT
Baxendale & Co Ltd 1952

BAXENDALES BILL 1952

Baxendale & Co were specialists in plumbing materials, fires, grates & stoves. 

 

FIELDSEND STORE 1950s

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FIELDSEND STORE 1950s

Plenty of natural light, reflective lampshades, tiled walls, ordered displays and Co-op posters in the window.  The parkside path to Penicuik School was on the right. This shop, much extended, became the Mill pub, later Golden Goose and the public path was closed and built over.

 

INVOICES FOR BRANDED GOODS 1954

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Jacobs Peek Frean Kia-Ora 1954

INVOICES FOR BRANDED GOODS 1954

 

BLUE JEANS RETURNED -PENICUIK DRAPERY 1955

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
SCWS blue jeans return 1955

BLUE JEANS RETURNED -PENICUIK DRAPERY 1955

 

THE SHORT-LIVED EASTFIELD BRANCH 1950s

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THE SHORT-LIVED EASTFIELD BRANCH 1950s

An adaptation of John Dennis built premises of eighty years before, to serve the new housing areas springing up at the northern end of the town.

 

CO-OPERATIVE FLAGSHIP: THE EMPORIUM 1950s

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CO-OPERATIVE FLAGSHIP: THE EMPORIUM 1960s

With the prime site at the very heart of Penicuik, the Association’s department store had been rebuilt more elegantly after the fire of 1904 -plate glass, grand staircase and lift to the upper floor.  It concentrated on non-food displays of clothing, furniture and electrical goods.

 

OPENING OF THE THORBURN SUITE 1976

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Thorburn Suite opening 1976

OPENING OF THE THORBURN SUITE 1976

Peach Melba was created by Auguste Escoffier at the Savoy Hotel London in 1892-3.  Thirty years later in 1924 Penicuik’s  great LOST GARDEN supplied the peaches required to set the dish before the Prince of Wales on his visit to Edinburgh.   Now in 1976 this classic dish graced the opening of Penicuik Co-op’s new function suite, the Thorburn.

 

 

 

-display in Penicuik Town Hall 17 January & 28 February 2009-

 PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
lettering

PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Pen y coe instituted 1860

A piece of the past

PENICUIK CO-OP

 PCDT exhibition
Co-op
Penicuik Co-operative Association
Main store High Street

.For more than a century, Penicuik Co-op was the town’s principal community-run asset, offering services over a wide area and carrying on a business of many hundreds of thousands of pounds.

 After a final few decades of decline in the late 20th century, Penicuik Co-op merged with its Edinburgh neighbour.  The official records of Penicuik Co-operative Association –including all the records of its final years – were removed to St Cuthberts Co-operative Association headquarters in Fountainbridge where many are believed to have been since damaged or destroyed by flood.

 

The records exhibited here were among those left behind for destruction.  Fortunately they have been saved.

 

Penicuik Co-op has been a key theme of the Penicuik Community Development Trust displays in the Town Hall since 2009 and a popular resource on the internet.  Thanks to Portobello friends Norrie Kristoffersen, Margaret Munro and Archie Foley for helping us save Penicuik Co-op material for posterity. There is much more than we have had space to show here, so look out for more displays in future.

 

exhibition prepared and curated by Roger Kelly roger@kosmoid.net for Penicuik Community Development Trust from the Penicuik Co-op material rescued by the Portobello team.

1917 grocery staff photo supplied by Helen Scott.   1930 committee photo supplied by Jimmy Baird

Mid-century images of Fieldsend, Eastfield & Emporium added 2013.

More displays from this author:

Scotland’s Planning Legacy    75 Years of the Saltire Society

The Lost Garden of Penicuik Story

James Hamilton: Penicuik’s Concorde Designer      Thomas Adams: Carlops to the White House

 

Penicuik Co-op was not just the town’s main community asset, it was a dependable local support through the times when war and economic hardship swept the wider world.

 

Penicuik Community Development Trust Ltd is inspired by that noble example.  Our business is saving and nurturing community assets as green shoots for regeneration, and we hire PENICUIK TOWN HALL every weekend to run exhibitions, a community café and a cinema.  Like the old co-op, our resources are built up almost entirely from the efforts and savings of local people.

Find out more about Penicuik Trust projects at the Saturday Open House in Penicuik Town Hall, at the Sunday Cinema, at Pen-y-Coe Press or at The Lost Garden. There are on-the-spot exhibitions, on-the-spot hands-on crafts sessions for kids and adults, onsite visits and more. 

SEE MORE ABOUT THE TRUST HERE .

We need your help. Working together we can all do more for the people and places we care about.

Thanks for rallying round to buy the old JACKSON STREET SCHOOL BUILDING –see how we failed at www.makers.org.uk/place/penicuikheritage  -it’s sadly now a pile of rubble –purposeless destruction of a much-loved community space at the heart of our town.  Then we tried to make BANK MILL come good!  www.makers.org.uk/paper/bmlatest -it’s on hold just now but may still rise again.

Starting 2012 and now three years into a 50 year project the Trust’s astonishing LOST GARDEN OF PENICUIK is growing well –take a look.

And in March 2013 we began TAKING ON THE PRESS by running the Pen-y-Coe Press and old Post Office in Bridge Street in Penicuik Town Centre as a print shop, papermaking, stationery, book and art materials store, Trust museum and produce depot for the Lost Garden of Penicuik.  Call in at the shop, it’s in Bridge Street.  In late 2014 we began work on ideas for a town centre bakery now taking shape as the PENICUIK STOREHOUSE and for HIGH ESK HYDRO generation from the existing weirs on the Esk, both projects to be run backed by local investment as freestanding community benefit co-operatives.

GALASHIELS CO-OPERATORS & THE IDEAS OF WILLIAM KING

MORE PENICUIK TOWN HALL DISPLAYS

CLYDESDALE BANK IN PENICUIK

JACKSON STREET SCHOOL

PENICUIK’S CO-OPERATIVE FOOD MARKET

PENICUIK COMMUNITY FOOD GROWING PROJECT

PEN-Y-COE PRESS: A COMMUNITY BUSINESS

PENICUIK STOREHOUSE AND INDOOR MARKET

PENICUIK GREATS

SALTIRE YEARS

most visited KOSMOIDimage024  MAKERSimage025 &  LOSTGARDEN webpages